A healthy person is one who has good compensatory abilities. He or she also has a range of optimal and effective postural and movement strategies in daily living. Symptoms result from running out of compensatory strategies, leaving tissues compromised. A person in pain or with a movement dysfunction then has a limited repertoire of possible movement strategies, limited by pain, muscle imbalance and change in the way the tissues send and receive information from the central nervous system. Pain and injury cycles are created. Pain inhibits muscle functioning as a protective mechanism and the vicious cycle continues.
Steps to recovery
1. Find the root cause or weakest link driving the compensations
2. Correct its alignment
3. Release restrictions in joints and soft tissues in that area
Pain and tension in the body is often caused by old injuries that have not resolved and the body’s attempt at compensating for them. The body compensates by switching on some muscles excessively (hypertonic), and turning off other muscles unnecessarily (hypotonic). This creates a string of muscle imbalances and mal-alignments up and down the body.
The Integrated Approach to Injury Management
Traditionally, physiotherapists have treated patients by localizing a joint or body part and focusing their attention on that isolated part. Though, this method has its merits and place, a global approach, taking into account the entire body and person with their individual expectations, thoughts and feelings will yield better long-term outcomes.